Lawmaker aims to revive Confederate Memorial Day in Georgia

Joseph Andrews, from left, of Woodstock, Shaun Winkler of Mississippi and James Berry of Michigan walk through a designated protest area in support of the Confederate battle flag. Ben Gray/ bgray@ajc.com

The Georgia NAACP urged Georgia lawmakers to reject a measure that would formally declare April 26 as Confederate Memorial Day, calling it a “pathetically divisive resolution.” Georgia leaders quietly erased the holiday from state calendars two years ago.

The measure, House Resolution 644, was introduced this week by state Rep. Tommy Benton, a Jefferson Republican with a history of contentious statements.

His proposal, which is not expected to gain any traction in the final days of the legislative session, makes no mention of slavery or the phrase “Civil War.” But it would recognize the conflict as a “four-year struggle for states’ rights, individual freedom and local government control.”

“We just elected a president that said he was tired of political correctness. And so that was the reason that we were looking to introduce the resolution,” Benton told WABE. “We think that our heritage is just as important as everybody else’s.”

Francys Johnson, the president of the Georgia chapter of the NAACP, called on Gov. Nathan Deal and other state leaders to publicly oppose the measure, saying “hate has no place in a modern society.”

Georgia lawmakers from both parties have largely avoided entering a divisive debate about Confederate heritage. And the state has steadily moved to cut official ties with its Confederate past – including the state’s annual celebration of Confederate Memorial Day.

For decades, the fourth Monday in April was known in Georgia as Confederate Memorial Day. But Deal struck that name, as well as Robert E. Lee’s birthday, from the state’s official holiday calendar in 2015 and replaced them with a more neutral title: “State Holiday.”

Deal’s decision to change the names came amid increased scrutiny of Georgia’s embrace of Confederate symbols after the massacre of nine black worshippers at a Charleston church by a suspected white supremacist.

State-issued license plates featuring the Rebel emblem have been altered, though only slightly. Sculptures and paintings of Confederate leaders in the statehouse are facing fresh criticism.

And a statue of former U.S. Sen. Tom Watson, a onetime populist turned white supremacist, was removed in 2013 from the statehouse grounds.

Benton, a former schoolteacher and an unapologetic supporter of Georgia’s Confederate heritage, has earlier backed measures to protect state monuments from being marred or moved. And he has said the Ku Klux Klan, while he didn’t agree with all of their methods, “made a lot of people straighten up.”

Reader Comments 0

467 comments
Theressa Loyd
Theressa Loyd

Just look at them! Disgusting, grimey looking and unkept. And they want to he respected. You lost! Go celebrate in your trailers around burning crosses all dressed in your white sheets.\U0001f47b And don't forget to invite Trump!\U0001f60c

Jerrard Welch
Jerrard Welch

We should get over slavery, but continue to hold onto ​something as vital to that time period as this?!!?

Dixon R Smith
Dixon R Smith

Why celebrate treason & the desire for the spread of slavery-

Jared Howard
Jared Howard

I find this law a waist of time and money. Memorial Day or Decoration Day came to be in the 1860s after the civil war. The intention of the holiday was to honor both Union and Confederate soldiers that died in the war. About 100 years later in the 1960s the holiday was expanded to honor soldiers from modern wars.

Ben L Rainey
Ben L Rainey

You mean we just forget the 500,000 that died?

Loren Sasha Swift
Loren Sasha Swift

Don't you remember these idiots wanted to secede from the union ???? Hello!!!

Cameron Alme
Cameron Alme

Tout your patriotism while being proud of a secessionist group that aimed to leave the Union, how ironic. Furthermore, states rights to do what exactly? That's right, own people as property.

Mark Beasley
Mark Beasley

Rodney Williams. Absolutely. But you know it doesn't end there.

Mark Beasley
Mark Beasley

We are the UNITED states of America not the DIVIDED states of America.

Sherry Hill
Sherry Hill

we have real issues in this state that affect all of the citizens ... why is this even on the radar for GA lawmwkers??? disgusting

Debbie Wathen Clute
Debbie Wathen Clute

The Confederate Flag represents ONE THING ONLY... white supremacy and intolerance. The Civil War was another instance where the poor, ignorant grunts fought and died so the wealthiest could keep their slaves.... nothing but a wasteful blip in American History...

Ginger Mitchell
Ginger Mitchell

I really don't care what y'all crying about or what the South suffered. It doesn't compare to what was inflicted on Blacks/Africans so BooHoo away. No recognition for your struggle. \U0001f612

Zain Malik
Zain Malik

Didn't even have to open the article to know that it's Tommy Benton, the guy that thinks the KKK was fighting to defend the law...

Melody Dareing
Melody Dareing

Most people don't understand the Civil War. That's because most history teachers don't really teach details and what led up to it. No, the South isn't like ISIS or Nazis. No, we aren't having a hard time "getting over it." I think most just want to recognize what the South suffered. This was their families. And there is a wave of anti-pc sentiment going on now which is prompting this. People have felt disenfranchised for a long time with PC. Now, they feel they can speak up since everyone else is.

Donna Kelly Stuckey
Donna Kelly Stuckey

Actually, slavery was not at the heart of it, learn your history, the north had both black and Irish slaves. It centered around the govt trying to tax the South and the cotton farms into poverty. The South wanted to keep it's money, so succession insued.

Melody Dareing
Melody Dareing

Oh and Tom, to answer your question about a German Memorial Day... From the history site linked above... These monuments are the sites for annual memorial ceremonies, very similar to Memorial Day in America. These services take place on two Sundays in November - Volkstrauertag and Totensonntag (the last two Sundays before Advent).

Melody Dareing
Melody Dareing

Again wrong on both accounts Tom. The one point to be made about WW II is we don't still hate the Germans or the Japanese. Yet, people like you still believe Southerners are the same. And, as my dad is a WWII veteran, I can tell you there were many Germans who weren't a part of the atrocities and believed in their country with what they were told. The same can be said of much of those fighting for the South. There are lots of documentaries about what led to the rise of Hitler, just as there is about what led to the Civil War. This is the stuff we need to understand. Again, understanding is not condoning. And BTW I am supporting myself full time as well. My career, my choice. As a liberal, you should understand that.

Rob Lee
Rob Lee

BS! You can try to revise history all you wish but the truth is in the record honoring the confederacy honors racism. Plain and simple

Tom DeSimone
Tom DeSimone

Can you please identify where the statues are that commemorate Adolph Hitler or Joseph Goebbels? What city are they in? And what day do the Germans celebrate Nazi Memorial Day?

Melody Dareing
Melody Dareing

Wrong translation. Way off base. If that is how you perceive things Tom, you aren't a good lawyer. And you would have been a detriment to education.

Chyvaun Ferguson
Chyvaun Ferguson

The internet is pulling up a lotta skirts. Lol. Facts are undefeated. 🤷🏾‍♀️👏🏾👏🏾👏🏾

Melody Dareing
Melody Dareing

Theressa you haven't read my post have you? There is a difference in understanding an event and justifying an event. There is also a difference in honoring family who has died and heritage and hateful things that hate groups do.

Tom DeSimone
Tom DeSimone

In today's episode of "Delusional Hicks Re-Write History" . . .

Rob Lee
Rob Lee

Melody Dareing You are perpetuating a false narrative. And presenting a perspective that tries to minimize racism and elevate people who were willing to commit treason and die in order to subjugate other humans. That is why there continues to be a racial divide in America after all this time and little hope that it will be diminished.

Tom DeSimone
Tom DeSimone

You sound like the Kellyann Conway of Civil War history.

Loren Sasha Swift
Loren Sasha Swift

The south started the hostilities by firing on Ft Sumter and they wanted to divide our country so stop trying to defend the stupidity and admit there's no place for a flag of secession in the 21st century!!!

Jerel Odin Johnson
Jerel Odin Johnson

Slavery was at the heart of secession. Every state in the CSA included a pro-slavery provision in their articles of secession. People need to stop with the historical revisionism and Confederate apologetics.

Melody Dareing
Melody Dareing

You need to learn more. The confederacy's constitution called for slavery to be abolished in 10 years. Taxation was the heart of the discontent. President Lincoln and others turned slavery into an issue to win emotional support for the war. BTW there were blacks and Native Americans who voluntarily fought for the Confederacy. With good reasons.There were black men who voluntarily stayed on the farms and plantations even after the Emancipation Proclamation because they felt the women and children left while the men were at war needed protection from both low-life's and the invading Northern Army. They are a forgotten part of history. The Northern Army and others are not innocent in the war. Neither was plantation owners and Southern Armies. The fact is war is hell. It wasn't all righteous causes. They were humans trying to survive and live through a horrible time.

Eustace E Cromartie
Eustace E Cromartie

No the south was exactly like the Nazis. They fought a war for the purpose of owning people because they thought they were Superior and they could do what they want with an entire race of people. Your revisionist history is making you overwhelmingly ignorant

Eustace E Cromartie
Eustace E Cromartie

Donna Kelly Stuckey your ignorance is startling. Slavery was mentioned in the succession papers of every Confederate State. They made it known to everyone that was the reason they succeeded from the Union. And please stop telling that Irish slaves nonsense. You only showing your ignorance to everyone

Eustace E Cromartie
Eustace E Cromartie

Melody Dareing You Are by the way there were blacks that fought with the Confederacy shows you are truly ignorant on every level when it comes to race in America. Of course black people fart because they were promised freedom and it will pay instead of working for free from dusk to dawn.

Eustace E Cromartie
Eustace E Cromartie

Either you are racist in denial or you are morons. All this revision is history is nothing more than your grandparents telling you lies so they wouldn't feel ashamed about what their grandparents did.

Melody Dareing
Melody Dareing

No, Eustace, it's called research. The war was far more complicated than you and others want to believe. Truly a sad time for everyone.

Melody Dareing
Melody Dareing

No, they've presented history as defined by the government. My research also includes newspapers from that time period, interviews with descendants of both plantation owners, soldiers and slaves, detailed war movement research and looking at original documents. The basis of what I've found is the humanity side of all of it. There was no "right" or "wrong" side as history teachers presented. It was highly political and numerous people on both sides suffered.

Melody Dareing
Melody Dareing

Sticks and stones doesn't change anything. One, I'm not a hick. I'm educated, have been a reporter for 30 years and have written researched history for award-winning magazines. Much of what I'm telling you has also been part of documentaries for things like the History Channel, Travel Channel and Discovery. The point is you can't judge history based on your version of right and wrong. It was a different time and people make decisions based on what is affecting them at that time. We, as Americans, need to stop this nonsense of who is better, who is right or wrong, or who was right or wrong, and understand humanity is flawed.

Tom DeSimone
Tom DeSimone

I think smart people can agree that a murderous history of racism, treason and losing is not something to be celebrated or memorialized.

Tom DeSimone
Tom DeSimone

Also, an event planner whose Facebook feed is littered with propaganda from Trump and Fox News is probably not really a good source for accurate facts or history.

Melody Dareing
Melody Dareing

Tom DeSimone the left like you always resort to personal attacks when they don't have an argument. The North had the same history of racism and murder and treason if you look at British history taught to their students or if you ask the Native Americans. Regarding me, yes, we have a business. Before that I was an investigative political reporter winning several state and national awards. In fact, several in Atlanta STILL call me for research on their pieces. Yes, I am conservative. Yes, I think a lot of the media (mostly national) is incredibly biased, which is why I offer other opinions. I believe people are smart enough to look at all of it and make up their minds. The point of this history lesson is this: you can't view history from your own moral perspective. If you do, you will never understand it and are likely to repeat it. You must view history in light of the people who lived it. Then, you can see the mistakes and not make the same ones.

Tom DeSimone
Tom DeSimone

Please cite the publications that you wrote for and the awards that you have won. I'd like to see some of your articles.

Rob Lee
Rob Lee

Melody Dareing Humanity is flawed and to celebrate the confederacy is to celebrate the flaws. Face it they were racist on the wrong side of history. We as Americans will never move on if we aren't willing to accept the truth and address it When you minimize and try to justify it you just continue to contribute to the problem.

Melody Dareing
Melody Dareing

I have nothing I need to prove to you. I really don't care to impress you. I don't care what you think about me. I am only answering your question because if I don't, you will accuse me of lying. That is what people do these days. Just like they question ceditionals. I have worked for five newspapers and my investigative pieces at the Rome News Tribune led to changes in state law and increased education (which I coordinated and led) for reporters to gain access to public information. Those stories led to first place national award from the National Newspaper Association for medical reporting. My other awards (various placements first, second and third) were for enterprise stories, freedom of information and community service. The State Bar of Georgia and the Georgia School Board Association also gave me awards. I worked in radio and television for 10 years, including news director and corporate leadership over 6 stations in 4 states. I also worked for WSB TV as an associate producer. One of my last projects for the Past Times Magazine (a publication of the RNT) was how the Civil War affected Polk County. My freelance work, which I do now, includes a variety of things from conservative sites to the San Diego Union Tribune to the LA times to the Canadian newspaper the Coronach Triangle. Now, where did you get your degree? What makes you an expert on the Civil War? Who have you worked for to make you an expert? Why should anyone value your opinion?

Melody Dareing
Melody Dareing

Rob, not trying to justify anything. Trying to point out that perceptions are largely based on one's own standards. That affects how history is portrayed and has affected some false narratives in history books. To really see history, you have to find out how it affected people and why they did what they did. It's not monolithic. There were really bad people who did horrible things, people who were good that ended up doing horrible things, good people who are heroes and bad people who turned good. For people wanting to remember the Confederacy, it's typically not about the issues of the war. It's about their great great grandfather or uncle or someone else who mattered. In the end, everyone has a story. Everyone matters. We can respect that without condoning things like slavery.

Melody Dareing
Melody Dareing

Loren, you are truly incapable of higher thought other than what others have told you. If you are born British, you would be taught that we Americans were treasonous and started dividing the country with the Boston Tea Party. Native Americans understand that our federal government intentionally gave them small pox to commit genocide so it could control lands without treaties. The whole Trail of Tears was initiated because gold was found in Georgia, primarily belonging to the Cherokee, and the federal government (and likely their rich buddies) wanted complete control over the gold. Yes, slavery was wrong. But that wasn't how it started. Most of those fighting the war didn't even own slaves. Some Southerners opposed the war (hence West Virginia was created over divisions) and some Northerners supported the South...southern Ohio was primarily democrats and opposed the war altogether.

Melody Dareing
Melody Dareing

Let me give an example of historical perspective. Back in the 1960s, a lot of people hated the Vietnam War. That hate spilled over to soldiers. They spit on them and cursed at them when they returned home. About 20 years later, people began to realize the soldiers weren't evil. They fought because they served in the military. They trusted our country's leaders who told them to fight. History of how we view that conflict has changed as we learn more about it and gain some emotional distance..some objectivity. It's the same with the Civil War. There were some who felt it was a war to protect rich landowners, others who felt the North was an invading army. Some Southerners didn't really believe in slavery, but fought for other reasons. Some Northerners did horrible things while seizing cities and homes to set up camps. Lincoln was a good president in that he won the war, but his motives weren't altruistic either. There was economic reasons. The north couldn't have continued either physically or financially without the South. Lincoln knew that. The South could have still have markets and distributors from foreign sources, so it would have been ok. We've got to get past this idea the North was all good and the South was all bad. War is hell. People died.

Roy Lau
Roy Lau

I wonder how the Native Indians felt

Joshua Biamby
Joshua Biamby

I hear you on the narrative. People died, the country was divided Lincoln misled as to intent of abolishing slavery etc, etc. But one key idea you've completely subjugated is the perspective of the slaves. You can easily tell a story of history and suffering of the white Americans post civil war. They weren't slaves though. You may honestly believe that story isn't told enough but, you are just as bias as the leftists you oppose. Minimizing the narrative of slavery and the south's role in perpetuating it is irresponsible and dangerous. Those who fought made their bed you can defend them or attempt to contextualize but you end up seeming as rigid and indifferent as they were when the war started. I hate personal attacks as well but you miss are wrong. Revisionist history is wrong. Bias history is wrong. Tell the full story or nah cuz if not I will.

Tom DeSimone
Tom DeSimone

Seems like you have some great Google skills, Melody. There is no shame in being an attorney, or in losing a school board election. Based on your writing, it's pretty plain to see why you are only able to do it on a freelance basis (no one would hire you full time) and need to do a side gig as an event planner. Also, even if you search under Melody Bacas, there is still no indication that the National Newspaper Association ever gave you an award. http://nna-ccj.ca/award-archives/list-of-winners-since-1949/

Tom DeSimone
Tom DeSimone

Melody is engaging in classic misdirection. First, she refers to "Southerners" as if everyone south of the Mason-Dixon Line supported and continues to support the Confederacy, which is a completely false premise. There are plenty of people in the South who understand that the Confederacy represents a shameful legacy of treason, racism and losing. Second, she keeps stating that people want to "do away with the memory of the war" which also could not be further from the truth. The Civil War has been and continues to be taught in history classes. What people object to (and which she seems to be very supportive of) is completely re-writing history and celebrating some of the worst traitors and racists in American history. I stand by my other point, which is that we really can't trust information coming from someone who is clearly in the tank for Donald Trump and Fox News. Both of them have a demonstrated history of peddling "alternative facts" otherwise known as complete lies. If Melody cannot understand that, then we clearly cannot trust her to be truthful and factual. By the way, I looked up all the past winners of the National Newspaper Association, and I can't seem to find Melody's name anywhere on the list: http://nna-ccj.ca/award-archives/list-of-winners-since-1949/

Melody Dareing
Melody Dareing

Tom. Wrong on all points. Past post talked about people opposing the war. I even referred to the Jones story. No misdirection. I put up a link to an actual document that proves my point. I stand by my point that not everyone fighting the war was racist. People fought for different reasons. Treason is a matter of perception. The British still believe colonists were treasonous. The difference is we win that one. No, in not "in the tank" with anyone. All you see is the public page. I read lots of stuff, even the alt-left sites and foreign press. I just don't share it publicly. My name was Melody Bacas in 1994-95. I have the letter and the award. I am not compelled to prove anything to you. Classic leftist move..trying to defame those you disagree with. Again, what are your credentials? What is your career? What is your research? Prove yourself since you are set to discredit others.

Melody Dareing
Melody Dareing

Oh and Tom, I also looked up your FB profile. You are a liberal attorney from Decatur who lost the school board race. That explains a lot. Obviously you must not have a lot of legal clients if you are spending so much time trying to discredit me.

Betsy Swarthout Whitley
Betsy Swarthout Whitley

Melody, I agree there are many sides to the issue. I agree there are many primary sources that attest that many were fighting about taxes, Northern agression, states rights, etc. Many of those people were led, misled (conned) by the wealthy landowners and government officials who had an agenda that included maintaining slavery as a status quo.

Melody Dareing
Melody Dareing

It is also interesting that slavery was still practiced in DC (as well as Delaware) when the war started. The Emancipation Proclamation allowed that to continue there throughout the war until the 1865 amendment. Other northern states were considered free, although some were transitioning to free - so not completely free.

Theressa Loyd
Theressa Loyd

Your argument falls on death ears.\U0001f612 The pain and suffering blacks indured during slavery, Jim Crow and still today with racial profiling and police violonce. There's no way in hell you can justify this evil flag that's always been flown in plantations at lynchings, bombings of black churches, the proud flag of white supremacists. Lady you are sick! And I bet you claim to be a Christian.\U0001f612 You guys are the worst kind! Burning a cross??? A CROSS?? That evil and demonic in itself! Damn your Confederate legacy! It's one of hate, rape, suffering and free labor. It what you guys think when America was great. Sickass people! That's nothing Christian about the Confederacy at all! Remember Dylan Roof? Always pictured with your proud Confederate flag.\U0001f612Went into a Church and prayed with 9 black people before he gunned them down!

Tom DeSimone
Tom DeSimone

Direct quote from Melody above: "I think most just want to recognize what the South suffered. This was their families. And there is a wave of anti-pc sentiment going on now which is prompting this. People have felt disenfranchised for a long time with PC. Now, they feel they can speak up since everyone else is." Allow me to translate: The Confederacy was the real victim of the Civil War, not slaves. And also, talking about the evils of slavery and the damage the Confederacy did to the United States is "PC." Now that Trump is president, white supremacists should feel free to celebrate the Confederacy and all that it stands for.

Melody Dareing
Melody Dareing

Real translation: Most of those who fought in the war weren't evil. Lots of people died on both sides. All were important to someone and thought they were fighting for the right reasons. Many feel the need to remember them as they were family members. They were a part of history, albeit a terrible one. The PC crowd wants to erase all of it. Statues, monuments, even graves. They want descendants to feel shame, even if they didn't own slaves or fight for slavery. Now, that the country has had enough of PC, these issues of how to remember without being bullied can be discussed. Again, I'm not even for the calendar date. I don't own a confederate flag. I'm just tired of ignorant false liberal narratives and a lack of understanding.

Tom DeSimone
Tom DeSimone

You just also made an argument in favor of memorializing and celebrating the Nazis. A lot of them weren't evil. Many of them died fighting for their beliefs. They were important to someone. Many current Germans have ancestors who fought for the Nazis. They were a part of history, albeit a terrible one. Except nobody in Germany wants Nazi Memorial Day or giant statues of Hitler. They consider that era an embarrassment and remember it with a sense of great shame and horror. Which is exactly the same way we should look at the Confederacy.

Tom DeSimone
Tom DeSimone

And I'm better at law than you are at writing. I'm still supporting myself full time by practicing law. No event planning or freelancing for me :)

Tom DeSimone
Tom DeSimone

So . . . then you are in favor of Nazi Memorial Day? Because, according to you, not all Germans were bad people. So that means the Nazis weren't so bad after all. I mean, if you just ignore the whole "world domination" and "mass genocide" stuff, they were actually just some good folks who fought and died for what they believed in. They were just misunderstood. It's crazy that the Germans have not recognized their sacrifice by giving them a national holiday and a big Hitler statue. Why do you think they don't want to do that? Maybe they just don't know how to "honor" their history the way that we do.

Melody Dareing
Melody Dareing

And if you are going to compare, a better pair would be comparing Sherman's March to the Sea with dropping bombs on Japan, as both had the same effect - to end the wars quickly. I dare you to go to Japan and tell them we are better than them now because they were on the wrong side. Tell them they must hate Jews and are evil because they fought. Tell them they must destroy all memorials and artifacts in the Yushukan War Memorial Museum. While we have our history of WWII, they have theirs. I don't agree, but their history reveals what they were thinking and how they were affected by the bombs. The Civil War is part of the South's history. It changed it forever. President Lincoln, to his credit, understood that. The agreement he made for surrender was a good one that left soldiers with some honor. Most of the Civil War monuments today were established by the daughters of soldiers and paid for with private money. They weren't to promote white supremacy or to hate minorities. They were simply to honor those who fought and died. Britain has similar for the Redcoats, and Japan has its museums. Gosh, even Germany has a WW 2 museum where it has artifacts from Hitler. I can't speak to their motivations, only to the fact it is allowed to co-exist with both the modern world and other displays/museums regarding the Holocaust and its 10 million victims. Should we, as victors, force all them to destroy their history and hide all their artifacts because they were on the wrong side? Because they lost? Because they did horrible things? Because it OFFENDS us?

Melody Dareing
Melody Dareing

Tom, I noticed you avoided mentioning the Japanese museum. Smart move, since it can be easily googled and prove you wrong. There are more than 400 German war cemeteries to remember both those from WWI and WWII. They are spread throughout Europe., but are mostly in Germany. Yes, there are statues also to commentate the dead, although it is uncertain what they are. Here is an excerpt from a historical site: The Volksbund had relied on both governmental assistance and the help of local citizens to locate and identify the graves of German soldiers, but the process has not been without controversy. Seven decades after the war, anger and resentment still lingers over the Nazis’ vicious treatment of a Slavic population that they considered both racially and morally inferior. http://www.history.com/news/seven-decades-after-world-war-ii-the-search-for-germanys-war-dead-continues They are still locating soldiers to identify and bury them properly. Soooo, let me get this straight....you want to limit access to historical sites, limit free speech and limit how people view historical events when those views don't coincide with your progressive liberal view and could offend others. That doesn't sound American to me. In fact, that sounds quite fascist. In fact, erasing history by destroying monuments, documents and the like is exactly what ISIS does when it conquers a city.

Melody Dareing
Melody Dareing

You want pictures of memorials in Germany...here you go.... As a note, this is a website for historical purposes ONLY. It is not intended to support Nazism. It does mention that Germans face similar controversy as we do in America over Civil War monuments. Most, erected decades ago, are in rural areas with some intentionally destroyed. Sometimes, the past is painful. That isn't a good reason to destroy it. Pain can be a good reminder to not repeat the same actions. http://thirdreichruins.com/memorials.htm

Tom DeSimone
Tom DeSimone

Okay Melody Dareing we get it. You really love the Confederacy.

Melody Dareing
Melody Dareing

No, Tom, I love history. We have ancestor from both Union, Confederacy, and the Revolution. I also have Cherokee Nation heritage, as well as Greek immigrant. It's all America.